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Photo: Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola has been well-known for directing the ground-breaking ‘Godfather Trilogy.’ Before he decided to sit on the director’s chair and make some of the most influential movies of his career, Coppola was a boy who grew up confined to bed with polio when he was nine years old. During his time indoors, he would create puppet shows in order to entertain himself. Eventually, he developed a keen interest in making 8-mm films. Despite the fact that he was born in Detroit Michigan, he lived in Queens, New York City with his father who was a musician himself and played in several orchestras. As he got older, he attended Hofstra University and earned a B.A degree in drama, and eventually continued to higher education by receiving a Master of Fine Arts degree in filmmaking at the University of California at Los Angeles. Throughout that time, Coppola started working for Roger Corman, the famous producer and director who made low-budget horror films.
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Eventually, Roger Corman gave Coppola a chance to direct a horror film that he had written ‘Dementia 13,’ which was released in 1963. He was also under contract for the company Seven Arts. He spent his time co-writing the film ‘Is Paris Burning?’ and ‘This Property Is Condemned.’ Eventually, he earned his spot in the director’s chair again as he wrote and directed ‘You’re a Big Boy Now’ (1966) and utilized it as his thesis project for UCLA. At one point, Warner Brothers saw his thesis film and were in awe.
They decided to sign Coppola to direct the 1968 play-based film, ‘Finian’s Rainbow.’ The story focused on an Irishman and his daughter who steals a magic pot of gold that belonged to a leprechaun. They relocate to America, where they have disagreements with the property-owners and a money-hungry and racist politician. The film was nominated for two Oscars: best sound and best music. A year later, he worked on ‘Rain People,’ which portrayed a pregnant housewife from Rhode Island who decides to leave her husband. The movie also starred James Caan and Robert Duvall.
Francis Ford Coppola – The 1970s
After pushing towards the late sixties with his film ‘The Rain People,’ Francis Ford Coppola took the liberty to produce George Lucas’ debut film, ‘THX 1138,’ based on his short film. Even though the film was not a financial success at the box office, it was praised for the impressive production design and the story’s take on a dystopian society where it is forbidden for two human beings to have sexual intercourse. The film became a cult favorite for sci-fi fans. Nonetheless, Coppola won his first Academy Award for the screenplay for ‘Patton.’ The win was shared with Edmund H. North.
In 1972, Coppola made a great directorial contribution to the world by releasing the crime drama epic, ‘The Godfather’ based on Mario Puzo’s best-selling novel. The movie has redefined the crime drama genre by exploring the dynamics of a mafia family, and how far a son will go to take his father’s place of being a leader of an organized dynasty. The film stars Marlon Brando as Don Vito Corleone, the father and leader of the Corleone family. Al Pacino plays the son who eventually takes the role as the Godfather after his father’s death. The film was violent and melancholic. It did not glorify the mafia, it only explored the rise-to-power aspect of how the son is in the position of following his father’s footsteps. The film received three Oscar wins: best actor, best picture, and best adapted screenplay.
Two years later, he released ‘The Conversation,’ starring Gene Hackman as a surveillance expert who believes that a couple that he is spying on will get killed. In the same year, he also released “Godfather Part II,’ which proved to be a superior sequel. The movie even contains flashbacks which also makes the film a prequel to the first one since Robert DeNiro played as the young Vito Corleone who rose to power by immigrating from Italy to living in Little Italy, and slowly becoming the mob boss for his community. The film won six academy awards: Best Picture, Supporting Role, Best Director, Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Art Direction, and Best Music – Dramatic Score. The film beat Coppola’s second film for Best Picture of the year (‘The Conversation’).
In 1979, Francis Ford Coppola released his war epic, ‘Apocalypse Now,’ which focuses on a soldier (played by Martin Sheen) who is hired on a secret mission to terminate a renegade Special Forces Colonel (played by Marlon Brando) who had gone insane. The story of the film takes place in Vietnam, but it took place in the Philippines. There were natural disasters that interfered with shooting schedules which caused delays. Martin Sheen, the actor who played as the protagonist in the movie, had suffered from a heart attack and almost died. At one point, Coppola went from having a $12 million budget to $30 million in order to resume filming. The director even had to spend some of his own personal money. With this result, the movie received eight Academy Award nominations, including best picture and best director.
During the new decade, Coppola wrote and directed the romantic comedy, ‘One from the Heart’ (1982). Just like his previous film ‘Apocalypse Now,’ ‘One from the Heart’ had a budget expansion, going from $2 million to $27 million. To make matters worse, the film did not perform well at the box office.
Nonetheless, he made two adaptations of S.E Hinton’s novels that got released in 1983. The first one was ‘The Outsiders’ which tells a story about a poor-class gang called “the Greasers” who are in rivalry with a rich one. The movie became famous for having an all-star cast (Tom Cruise, Rob Lowe, Emilio Estevez, Patrick Swayze, C. Thomas Howell, Ralph Macchio, Matt Dillon, and Diane Lane). Eventually, all the cast members had successful careers over the years. The second film ‘Rumble Fish’ had an arthouse approach to a delinquent’s story, since it was also shot in black and white. The movie starred Matt Dillion, who plays as Rusty James, leader of a gang, who aspires to be feared like his older brother (played by Mickey Rourke).
In 1984, the director returned to making a gangster film called ‘The Cotton Club,’ taking place in 1930’s Harlem. Two years later, he made his fantasy comedy-drama film ‘Peggy Sue Got Married,’ starring Kathleen Turner as a woman who is close to being divorced. She eventually discovers herself shipped back to the moments of her senior year in high school in 1960. It was a project that Coppola never wrote. The story was written by Jerry Leichtling and his wife Arlene Sarner. The film proved to be a box office success along with other films like ‘Top Gun’ and ‘Aliens.’ The film received three Oscar nominations – best actress, best cinematography, and best costume design.
Coppola began the 90’s by releasing ‘The Godfather Part III,’ the third installment of the ‘Godfather films.’ The movie reunites some of the same cast members from the past films such as Al Pacino, Diane Keaton, and Talia Shire. It features Andy Garcia playing Vincent Mancini, the long lost son of the late Santino ‘Sonny’ Corleone. The film had mixed reviews since film critics believe that the third installment did not live up to the same epic storytelling as the first two had. However, other film critics and audiences believe that the third part of the saga should not be compared to the likes of the first and second one and should be appreciated as a stand-alone film in its own right. It has been sixteen years since the last sequel. The film received seven Oscar nominations including for best picture and director.
After the success of ‘The Godfather Part III,’ Francis Ford Coppola was fortunate to direct ‘Bram Stoker’s Dracula’ (1992), the adaptation of the beloved horror novel. Gary Oldman’s haunting and seductive performance was highly praised. In this version, he chases for his possibly reincarnated love (played by Winona Ryder). The movie critics noted how Coppola’s film did a good job of using shadow puppetry, practical effects which was handled by the director’s son, Roman Coppola (who is also the film’s second unit and visual effects director). The film became a financial success for the box office and became a cult classic.
In 1996, the prestigious director finally had the opportunity to work with Robin Williams for the movie ‘Jack,’ a tale about a 10-year-old boy who has a hard time making friends his age due to his cells that make him age faster than a normal child. The following year, he tackled another novel adaptation by doing ‘The Rainmaker.’ Matt Damon stars as Rudy Baylor, a young lawyer in Memphis who rails against other business attorneys, crooked judges, and cruel husbands – all with the assistance of another lawyer (played by Danny DeVito) who has not passed his bar exam. To make things interesting, it is Rudy’s first case.
In 2007, Francis Ford Coppola released another directorial movie, ‘Youth Without Youth,’ an adaptation of a novella written by Mircea Eliade, which concentrates on a Romanian professor in his seventies (played by Tim Roth) who becomes decades younger when he is struck by lightning on the day before the second World War. The film received mixed reviews since it tried to mix several genres all at once with a confusing plot. Two years later, Coppola released his black and white film, ‘Tetro,’ a story about a teenager who travels to Buenos Aires, Argentina to find his long-missing older brother. The film did not do well in the box office, but was loved by film critics this time around.
In 2011, he directed his horror film, ‘Twixt.’ It focuses on a an unlucky horror writer (played by Val Kilmer) who gets involved in a mysterious murder that has to do with a young girl (played by Elle Fanning).
It seems that regardless of whether his new films receive high praise or not, Coppola is still the genius filmmaker that has made his mark in the film industry. It is not known whether his next film ‘Megalopolis’ will be made. One thing for sure, he will always be remembered as an auteur filmmaker who has always fought for his visions regardless of the highs and lows of his career.
By Marco Castaneda
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